History of the troops of the Interior

З ІХ ст. по 1917 р. - PRINCE’S Druzhina -
З 1918 р. до 1941р. - .
З 1941 р. по 1986 р. - THE INTERIOR TROOPS, MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS, UKRAINE
З 1991 р. - THE INTERIOR TROOPS, MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS, OF SOVEREIGN UKRAINE

KEY EVENTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE INTERIOR TROOPS OF UKRAINE

The history of the Interior Troops is an integral part of the general history of Ukrainian law enforcement and government bodies.

PRINCE’S Druzhina (IX - XV centuries)

The origin and development of law enforcement forces in Ukraine dates back to ancient times when princes’ druzhinas (i.e. detachments of select troops) performed both external (protection of borders) and internal functions. Duties and responsibilities similar to those of present-day Interior Troops were carried out by princes’ warriors, dragoons, archers, with their missions including maintaining law and order in cities, riot control, territorial defense, personal protection of envoys from foreign countries.

COSSACKS. REGISTERED COSSACKS (XVI - XVIII centuries)

Their traditions were continued by Cossacks who fought for independent Ukraine. The institution of Registered Cossacks was established in parallel with Zaporizhian Sich. Serving in a particular territory, they performed various law enforcement functions: maintaining law and order in Sich, personal protection of ambassadors and foreign merchants, territorial defense and route protection. Registered Cossacks were organized into 10-strong sections, 100-strong units and regiments which originally were named after their leaders. Depending on the location where regiments were stationed they were named after the largest city. Registered Cossacks were headed by Hetman, who was also the final judicial authority.

INTERIOR GUARD

1811

January 16. In 1811 the Emperor Alexander I issued the decree optimizing the structure of state security forces by putting military authorities in charge of provincial civilian militia groups.

March 27. The decree "On the organization of companies and... groups in provinces" issued by the Emperor Alexander I laid the foundation for the first interior guard units.

July 3. Emperor Alexander I approved the "Interior Guard Regulation" which spelled out the main military duties of the new organization, including: suppression of rebellions and revolts, dealing with criminal groups, guard service, maintaining law and order at fairs, public celebrations, social events and during natural disasters, etc.

1816

February 7. The interior guard battalions and brigades were organized into the Separate Corps of the Interior Guard. In European Russia (including Ukraine) there were 8 (from 1818 - 12) interior guard districts.

UKRAINE WITHIN THE AUSTRO-HUNGARIAN EMPIRE

In the Austro-Hungarian Empire, law enforcement forces consisted mainly of those who lived in Galicia, Bukovina and Transcarpathia. Due to revolutionary events in 1848, the Emperor Ferdinand permitted to establish the so-called National Guard units, which, as was laid down by the statute, had to "defend the constitutional monarch, enforce the Constitution and laws." These units were stationed in populated areas dominated by Ukrainian population, namely in such cities as Stryi, Zhovkva, Berezhany, Ternopil, Yavoriv. In fact, the development of almost all of these National Guard units was hindered by government authorities.

LOCAL TROOPS 1864 SECURITY ESCORT GUARD 1886-1917

1864

August 6. The Separate Corps of the Interior Guard was abolished. Interior guard brigades stationed in military districts were transformed into brigades of local troops, with their previous duties and responsibilities remaining unchanged.

1886

January 20. Security escort teams provided the basis for the establishment of the Security Escort Guard comprising 532 teams. As before, it was part of local troops.

1911

March 27. To mark the 100th anniversary of the Security Escort Guard and local troops it was decided to institute a special decoration badge entitled 100 years of Security Escort Guard". Officers were awarded badges made of oxidized silver. White metal badges were used for lower ranks.

1917

ALL-RUSSIAN EXTRAORDINARY COMMISSION

December 7, 1917. The Council of People’s Commissars decided to establish the All-Russian Extraordinary Commission (AREC).

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1918

ALL-RUSSIAN EXTRAORDINARY COMMISSION (AREC) COMBAT UNIT REORGANIZATION OF SECURITY ESCORT GUARD ALL-UKRAINIAN EXTRAORDINARY COMMISSION (AUEC)

January - March 1918. The first armed units were established within the All-Russian Extraordinary Commission and local extraordinary commissions.

March 18. Units of local extraordinary commissions were combined into the AEC Combat Unit.

April 20. By order of the People’s Commissariat for Military Affairs, the Security Escort Guard was reorganized in accordance with new principles. It was responsible to the Inspectorate General for the Security Escort Guard at the People’s Commissariat for Justice of the RSFSR

.

June 13. By resolution of the All-Russian Extraordinary Commission, all units under the command of local extraordinary commissions were united into the AEC Corps of Troops. December 3, 1918. Upon the establishment of Soviet power in Ukraine (as in Russia), it was decided to establish a new law enforcement body - the All-Ukrainian Extraordinary Commission (AUEC).

1919

THE ALL-UKRAINIAN EXTRAORDINARY COMMISSION (AUEC) SPECIAL CORPS THE INTERIOR SECURITY OF THE REPUBLIC – (28.05. 1919)

January. Establishment of the AUEC Special Corps (Nikolaenko F.G. was appointed the first commander).

May. Resolution ‘On the Supporting Troops” was adopted. The Republic Interior Security Troops (RIST) were created, which included all supporting troops previously available to the commercial offices – the People’s Commissariats of food, water, oil, sugar and others. The Troops Headquarters got the name of the RIST Headquarters, and in June it became the Main Department of RIST. Moscow, Kursk, Petrograd, East and Kyiv sectors of RIST were organized (June, 30).

1920

THE REPUBLIC INTERIOR SERVICE TROOPS - RIST

February – June. First escort teams were formed in Kyiv, Kharkiv, Odesa. Later on some more other escort units were created.

September 1. According to the Council of Labour and Defence Act the Republic Interior Security Troops were transformed and got the name of the Republic Interior Service Troops (RIST). Before it the security units were subordinate to three agencies – the Guards Unit of the All-Russian Main Department, the People’s Commissariat of Justice and the RIST units – the People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs (PCIA).

1921

THE ALL-RUSSIAN EXTRAORDINARY COMMISSION (AREC) TROOPS (19.01. 1921)

January 19. According to the Council of Labour and Defence Act all units and teams were united into separate service – the AREC troops.

1922

THE STATE POLITICAL DEPARTMENT (SPD) WITHIN THE PEOPLE’S COMMISSARIAT OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS (PCIA) OF THE RSFSR. ESCORT CORPS, UKRAINE

February 6. The AUEC was cancelled and the State Political Department (SPD) within the PCIA of the RSFSR was formed.

March 22. According to the All-Ukrainian Central Executive Commission Act the AUEC was transformed into the STATE POLITICAL DEPARTMENT (SPD). The AUEC Troops became the SPD Troops

October. Escort teams and units in Ukraine were united into the Escort Corps of Ukraine.

1923

JOINT STATE POLITICAL DEPARTMENT – JSPD

November15. The Act of the Reconstruction of the SPD into the Joint State Political Department (JSPD).

1927

July14. According to the Act of the People’s Commissariats Council, the USSR, the Interior Troops became in charge of key military industry infrastructure security.

1931

December 4. The Interior Troops became in charge of railway infrastructure security and defense.

1934

July 10. Central Executive Commission (CEC) of the USSR created the All Union People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVS). The OGPU troops were renamed as NKVS USSR Border and Internal Security Troops.

1939

March 8. Department of Border and Interior Troops were divided into six main departments within the NKVS of the USSR: the Main Department of the Border Guard Troops; the Main Department of the railway installations security; the Main Department of the industrial key infrastructure; the Main Department of the military logistics; the Main Department of the military construction.

September 1. The law "On General Military Duty" was adopted. The law stated that the Interior Troops are the part of the USSR Armed Forces.

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1941

March 4. The Department of NKVS operational troops was organized.

June 22. Since the early days of World War II Border Guard Troops and NKVS Interior Troops took part in combat operations. The Interior Troops units provided security of the rear area of the Army. They performed the following missions: combated enemy airborne and guerrilla groups; carried out garrison guard to maintain public order; protected key infrastructure and property; protected railway communications and escorted cargo to the front line; provided management of prisoners of war, etc.

1942

January. The Department of NKVS operational troops was reorganized into the Department of the Interior Troops.

1943

NKVS UKRAINIAN MILITARY DISTRICT INTERIOR TROOPS

February13. The Department of Interior Troops of the Ukrainian Military District was organized.

1946

April 20. The Interior Troops are responsible for the protection of the defensive research institutes and laboratories.

April 27. Five commandant’s offices responsible for key infrastructure protection were formed.

1953

INTERIOR TROOPS OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS, USSR

March 10. The decision was made to combine the USSR Ministry of the State Security and the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs into the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs.

April 11. The Department of Interior Troops of the Ukrainian Military District was reorganized into the Department of Interior Troops of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine.

1960

THE INTERIOR TROOPS OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF THE UKRAINIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC

January 13. The Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR was disbanded. Its functions were delegated to the Ministries of Internal Affairs of the Soviet republics. The Interior Troops units were subordinated to them.

1962

THE INTERIOR TROOPS, INTERNAL AND ESCORT SECURITY OF THE MINISTRY OF PUBLIC ORDER OF THE UKR.SSR.

August. The functions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic were delegated to the Ministry of Public Order of the Ukr.SSR.

1966

July 23. Within the Interior Troops special motorized militia units are organized to assist militia agencies in maintaining public order.

1968

THE INTERIOR TROOPS, MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS, UKRAINE

November 25. The Ministry of Public Order was transformed into the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ukr.SSR.

1969

THE INTERIOR TROOPS OF THE USSR IN UKR.SSR AND MOLDOVA SSR

1979

July 10. The Directive of the Council of Ministers, the USSR, assigned the security of the Chernobyl nuclear power station to the Interior Troops. Later the Interior Troops were assigned the mission to provide security to other nuclear power stations of Ukraine.

1986

April 26. The Interior Troops units, Ukraine, first arrived at the Chernobyl disaster zone and took part in the disaster relief operations.

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THE INTERIOR TROOPS, MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS, OF SOVEREIGN UKRAINE

1991

December 20. The Decree of the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine,”On subordination of the Interior Troops located on the territory of Ukraine”.

December 4. Operational and special motorized militia units of the Interior Troops units were assigned under the Commandant of the National Guard, Ukraine.

1992

TROOPS OF INTERNAL AND ESCORT SECURITY OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS, UKRAINE

January 5. Main Department of Internal and Convoy Security was organized under the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

March 26. The Verkhovna Rada ,Ukraine, adopted the law “ On the Internal and Escort Security Units, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ukraine’.

1994

Since spring of 1994 within the Interior Troops and Escort Security units special rapid emergency reaction units were organized.

1995

THE INTERIOR TROOPS, MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS, UKRAINE.

October 31. The troops were again renamed into “The Interior Troops, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ukraine”.

1996

March 26. The Decree of the President of Ukraine “On celebrating the Day of the Interior Troops, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ukraine”.

April 18. Resolution of the Council of Ministers, Ukraine “ On Security of State Key Infrastructure” by the Interior Troops, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

1997

May 30. Senior Command Board of the Interior Troops, Ministry of Internal Affairs, was organized.

1999

March 15. Within the separate motorized military militia units in Kyiv a separate Honored Guard Company was organized, later – Special Honored Guard Battalion.

December 17. Decree of the President of Ukraine “On Assigning the National Guard units to other military formations”. The Interior Troops were augmented by majority of units, formations and installations of the disbanded National Guard units.

2000

August 3. The Interior Troops, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ukraine, took part in the international peacekeeping mission in Kosovo within the special peacekeeping unit of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ukraine, under the UN aegis. (till December 16, 2008).

November 6. The Minister of Internal Affairs, Ukraine, issued the order “On Territorial Commands”.

December 21. The Interior Troops were assigned the mission of providing security to diplomats, foreign embassies and consulates on the territory of Ukraine.

2002

January 28. By the Decree of the President of Ukraine “Symbols of the Interior Troops, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ukraine” the Emblem and the Colour of the Interior Troops were introduced.

2004

April 14. The Commandant of the Interior Troops adopted “The Resolution on professional skills testing of the special-purpose units personnel and on procedure of giving and wearing the Red beret in the Interior Troops, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ukraine”.

2007

June 6. By the Decree of the President of Ukraine the Main Department of the Interior Troops, Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ukraine, was announced as the main body of military administration.

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